COLOSTRUM: AN ESSENTIAL COMPONENT FOR PHYSICAL AND MENTAL GROWTH AND ITS ROLE IN DISEASE PREVENTION
Ashish Kumar Pareek*, Dr.Shiv Garg, Manoj Kumar, Sardar mal yadav Maharishi Arvind College of Pharmacy Ambabari, Jaipur
Colostrum is the first milk of the lactating mother, and it is very important for physical and mental development as well as in prevention of diseases. Colostrum is a complete nutritional food stuff produced in 48 hours of the child birth in all mammals. Colostrum works as a naturally and 100% safe vaccine. Colostrum protect the child from a large number of infections by providing a strong immune system(high concentration of leucocytes and white blood cells that destroy the bacteria and pathogen).New born intestine is very permeable, Colostrum seals the holes by painting the gastro intestinal tract that prevents the penetration of the foreign substance from mother to the new born.
Colostrum is a perfect food for the child, It contain all the essential components required for the proper development of the child. Child those does not fed the Colostrum in proper quantity the Colostrum supplements are choice for them. Colostrum supplements are prepared by the use of Colostrum of cows, goats and other animals. The Colostrum obtained from these animals are most commonly similar to human beings in composition so its utility is increases in these days. The following article covers all the components present in the colostrum, importance of colostrum and role of colostrum in disease prevention.
Colostrum is a form of milk produced by the mammary glands in late pregnancy and the few days after giving birth. It has high concentrations of nutrients and antibodies, but it is small in quantity. Colostrum is high in carbohydrates, high in protein, high in antibodies, and low in fat1 . Colostrum also contain fat soluble vitamins, minerals and immunoglobulins. Immunoglobulins are basically antibodies that provides the passive immunity to the child, which is responsible for prevention of the viral and bacterial infection in the child in future.2. Colostrum brings eight growth factor that promote normal cell growth, DNA synthesis, fat utilization and increase mental activity3 .The formation of the Colostrum is started after two to three month of the pregnancy. The Colostrum is also known as “golden milk” due to its importance. On an average a women make 50 ml of Colostrum in 48 to 72 hours after the child birth 4 .Colostrum is the most concentrated source of biologically active component present in nature. Colostrum is low in volume but it provides a high number of nutrition for the baby. Colostrum has a laxative effect so help in formation of a soft stool and provide the easy passing of the soft stool that is known as “meconium”.